Lake Titicaca

Bufo spinulosus spinulosus, male, after Vellard (1991a).
Orestias ispi fish after Laurent Lauzanne (1991:410).
Drawing of a pair of spouted effigy vessels from Tiwanaku site of Pariti. The broad collars, blunt haircuts, and labretted upper lips make them very different from other representations of Tiwanaku people in the Lake Titicaca Basin, suggesting they represent members of a different ethnic group. Ceramic material, red slip paint, and careful sculpting of the faces mark these as Tiwanaku pieces. Discovered as a pair, they were described as a man (a) and a “fat man” (b). Long hair visible falling down the back of the second figure, bracelets, anklets, and the different stance, however, make it reasonable to “read” the second figure as female who is pregnant, not fat. Based on photos by A. Korpisaari (Korpisaari and Parssinen 2005:Photos 10 and 11). Colors approximate.
Drawing of an anthropomorphic camelid birthing a human infant from a ch’allador found at Pariti. Reminiscent of the pooled blood on the Siguas textile in Figure 20.5 and the zigzag lines of blood illustrated on the figurine in Figure 20.10, blood (and/or amniotic fluid or placental matter) flows down from between the camelid-mother’s squatting, anthropomorphic legs. Based on a photo by A. Korpisaari (Korpisaari and Parssinen 2005:Photo 40). Color approximate.
The Pucara Camelid Woman theme is the quintessential representation of the association between females and domesticated camelids and seems to anticipate Colonial era accounts of puna-bound women herding their llamas and alpacas. Typically, she leads a single llama with her left hand and holds a basket (of food? of wool?) and long staff. The divided eye may attest to her supernatural characteristics or mark her as an important culture hero figure. Adapted and redrawn from Chávez (2002).
Blackware double-banded keros (a) with postfiring engraved “continuous volute” motif, AMNH Adolph Bandelier collection, B 2213, Ciriapata, Island of the Sun. (b) Omo style, Omo M16 site.
Postfiring engraving, bird talon marking. (a) kero, AMNH Adolph Bandelier collection, Island of the Sun. (b) Kero fragment, Omo M10.
Front-Face God depicted as projecting eagle head. (a) Blackware ceramic kero, AMNH Adolph Bandelier collection, B2161, Island of the Sun. (b) Wooden kero, Omo M12 structure 7, M12=3151.
Photograph of Pillar 40 on the west wall of the semi-subterranean temple at Tiahuanaco, showing faint and worn outlines of the lower portion of a personage. Photograph by Stanislava and Sergio Chávez.
Photograph of one of the Pucara-style hunchbacked statues form the island of Titicaca, holding a conch shell. Photograph taken by Karen and Sergio Chávez at the National Museum in La Paz.