Ch. 02: Identification, Definition, and Continuities of the Yaya-Mama Religious Tradition in the Titicaca Basin

Motifs showing the association of the black bird with the winged “fish” on a Pucara-style jar neck from Pucara. The gray represents red, white stands for cream, and black is the original dark grey. Drawn by Sergio Chávez based on tracings of the original sherd.
Circular grinder (63 cm diameter x 16 cm thick) excavated by Bennett in the semi-subterranean temple of Tiahuanaco (west of the Bennett monolith). Drawn by Stanislava Chávez based on photographs taken at the Museum in Tiahuanaco.
Photograph of the carved portion of the stela from the Chunchu Kala Sector northwest of the Kalasasaya, Tiahuanaco. Photograph and inked outlines by Stanislava and Sergio Chávez.
Cylindrical grinder (46.5 cm diameter x 16.5 cm thick) excavated by Ponce near the southwest corner of the semi-subterranean temple of Tiahuanaco. Drawn by Stanislava and Sergio Chávez based on photographs and illustrations by Ponce (1964:Figures 15, 23, and Lámina 11).
Concentration of almost all the “Classic” Tiahuanaco-style stone sculptures is at the site of Tiahuanaco. The drawings are not at the same scale and are based mainly on Posnansky’s illustrations and photographs by Karen and Sergio Chávez.
A “Classic” Tiahuanaco-style kero associated with the lower portion of a plain/utilitarian vessel, from a burial recently excavated at the site of Cundisa, Copacabana. Photograph by Sergio Chávez.
Photograph of the Yaya-Mama semi-subterranean temple of Ch’isi, taken right after excavations, consolidation, and reconstruction of the stone walls. Note the peripheral features above and around the sunken court. Photograph by Karen and Sergio Chávez.
(a) Rollout drawing of decorations on a rare annular-based globular vessel excavated as part of an offering at Akapana. The excised head and surrounding volutes are reminiscent of the Yaya-Mama style. Redrawn and adapted by Stanislava and Sergio Chávez from an illustration by Alconini (1995:Figures 7–8). (b) Circular head with appendages recurving at right angles on the headband of a human head effigy vessel in “Classic” Tiahuanaco style. Redrawn by Stanislava Chávez with the right side appendages reconstructed from Querejazu (1983:Figure on page 187).
Photograph of the four-step and flanking slabs at the entrance of the Yaya-Mama semi-subterranean temple of Ch’isi. Note the only carving in direct association with excavated and dated architecture. Photograph by Karen and Sergio Chávez.
Panels corresponding to Groups A and B of several Pucara-style rectangular and double-chambered stone vessels. The fragments were excavated by Alfred Kidder II at the semi-subterranean temple of Pucara. Drawn by Stanislava Chávez on the basis of rubbings by Karen and Sergio Chávez.