Distribution

Map showing the sites mentioned in the text and the location of areas with presence of hallucinogenic paraphernalia in the Circum-Puna style. Drawing by Tania Basterrica.
Map showing the main examples of Yaya-Mama stone sculpture redrawn by Martti Pärssinen after Bouysse-Cassagne and Bouysse (1988:Figure 6).
Absolute Chronology of Middle Horizon Central Coast Styles
Map of Wari and Moche territories, with sites and regions mentioned in the article (redrawn from Castillo and Uceda 2008; Isbell 2000).
The plot of Unit 9 from Cerro Baúl shows the results of reconstructing smashed vessels from the patio space. Thus far, over 60 vessels have been identified using an “MNI” approach, but not all 60 have been plotted because of the scattering of fragments of some vessels.
Map of the south-central Andes showing locations of the Quebrada de Humahuaca, Puna de Jujuy, and archaeological sites discussed in the text.
Tiahuanaco, Huari, and their Middle Horizon spheres of influence. The map shows the overlap of the two spheres, as well as each capital, important secondary sites, and key geographical areas (in bold text). Drawing by William H. Isbell.
Probable dates for events discussed in text, plotted against currently popular chronologies for Tiahuanaco and Huari. Dates are intended to represent calibrated years (but not Southern Hemisphere corrected). As stated in the chapter text, the date of cal. AD 500 seems too early for the onset of the Tiwanaku Period at Tiahuanaco; AD 650 to 700 seems more likely, at least for the radical changes in ceramics that brought in new vessel forms decorated with new polychrome design themes, as well as the appearance of SAIS-style stone sculptures. Drawn by William H. Isbell.
PCA graph of factors 1 and 2 for values of Ba, Fe, Zr, and MN (log[10]) without outliers, all categories.
Factor loadings for variables Ba, Mn, Zr, and Fe (log[10]) without outlier values.

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