Map showing the sites mentioned in the text and the location of areas with presence of hallucinogenic paraphernalia in the Circum-Puna style. Drawing by Tania Basterrica.
Schematic drawing of unit Eb4-2-200 excavated at Huari in 1977 by Dr. Isbell’s Huari Urban Prehistory Project. Initial excavation removed layers in a profile unit next to the road cut in order to expose and more clearly discern the layers that were then excavated in the 2-m x 2-m unit. The lowest levels contained a Huarpa occupation with architectural features, followed by early Huari occupation of Epoch 1A with further wall construction, then general occupational deposition into Middle Horizon Epoch 1B. The area within the 2-m x 2-m square above Stratum 14 was badly disturbed and therefore analysis continued with data collected from the profile square. Courtesy of Patricia J. Knobloch.
Profile of stratigraphy in the 1977 pipeline trench at Conchopata site. Drawn from field drawings by Perry Gnivecki. Units A and C were 2-m x 2-m excavations to bedrock. A group burial (not shown) was located between Unit A and the Offering Pit. Remnant walls at either end delimit a possible plaza with a pink sandy floor. Courtesy of Patricia J. Knobloch.
Central Andean map. Names of modern cities and geographic features are printed on map while archaeological sites are numbered from northern Peru to northern Chile and Bolivia. Courtesy of Patricia J. Knobloch.
Map of Wari and Moche territories, with sites and regions mentioned in the article (redrawn from Castillo and Uceda 2008; Isbell 2000).
The summit of Cerro Baúl is the location of the most monumental Wari site in the Moquegua region. The map shows Sectors A, B, and C (Williams 2001). The architecture at the site includes building forms identified at Huari, Pikillacta, and other Wari centers, such as Wari patio groups and D-shaped structures. Mapping and excavation reveal that the site is organized into several agglutinated complexes. A large compound on the eastern edge of the monumental core of the site has been identified as an elite residence or a provincial palace complex (see Moseley et al. 2005).
The plot of Unit 9 from Cerro Baúl shows the results of reconstructing smashed vessels from the patio space. Thus far, over 60 vessels have been identified using an “MNI” approach, but not all 60 have been plotted because of the scattering of fragments of some vessels.
Air photograph of Huaca Malena, Valley of Asia, about 100 km south of Lima. The platform mound dates to the Early Intermediate Period and is constructed of semi-cylindrical adobes. All figures in this chapter courtesy of Rommel Ángeles Falcón.
Location of the San Pedro de Atacama oases, indicating ayllu boundaries and sites included in this study.
Map of the south-central Andes showing locations of the Quebrada de Humahuaca, Puna de Jujuy, and archaeological sites discussed in the text.